" E " Customs Clearing . com
Trucking:
Just as ISF was come into Law Jan 26 2010 &  NVOCC went into effect  May 1, 1999.   ALL Trucking Broker MUST be License by FMCSA (MAP-21) October 1, 2013, otherwise:
.   a. FMCSA could




Instructions for Completing Form OP-1(P) Application for Motor Passenger Carrier Authority  (I MUST LOOK OVER THIS)
http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/documents/forms/r-l/OP-1(P)-Instructions-and-Form.pdf



Over the road (OTR) trucking
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http://www.insidefmcsa.com/broker/fmcsa-issues-guidance-on-new-broker-rules/

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Brokering Domestic freight/property/cargo/container with-OUT a Domestic Broker Authority License from FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration): www.FMCSA.DOT.gov.
Civil penalties up to
$10,000 per violation and unlimited liability for payments to “injured parties.” Payment liability is not just borne by the legal entity, but also applies to individual
officers, directors and principals.  IF involving death, serious illness, severe injury, or substantial destruction of property, of up to $175,000 AND Federal criminal violations punishable
under 18 U.S.C. 1001 by
imprisonment up to 5 years for each offense. Penalties Assessed by FMCSA.

Domestic Broker Authority / Truck Broker is similar NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) / OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarder),  Broker is a person or an entity
other than a motor/vessel carrier that arranges for the transportation of
freight/property/cargo/container  by a motor/vessel carrier for compensation. A broker does not transport the
property/cargo/container and does not assume responsibility for the property/cargo/container.  Other example of similarity to Travel Agent/Broker.  
Broker assumes NO responsibility for the shipment and does not touch the shipment. A claim must be filed with the appropriate motor carrier, which usually would be the
delivering carrier or the carrier causing the loss. Brokers may, however, assist shippers in filing claims with the motor carrier on the shipper’s behalf.

Domestics freight forwarders / Carrier / doing the Transportation / Owner of Truck:
- Domestic Freight Forwarder is a person or entity that holds itself out to the general public as providing transportation of freight/property/cargo/container for compensation & in the
ordinary course of its business:
- Assembles and consolidates, or provides for assembling and consolidating, shipments and performs or provides for break-bulk and distribution operations of the shipments;
- Assumes responsibility for the transportation from the place of receipt to the place of destination; and
- Uses for any part of the transportation a rail, motor or water carrier subject to the jurisdiction of either FMCSA or the Surface Transportation Board.

Interlining Freight (
Domestics freight forwarders / Carrier / doing the Transportation / Owner of Truck)
-To interline a shipment is to transfer the shipment between two or more carriers for movement to final destination. For example, where the point of origin is Washington, DC and the
final destination is Los Angeles, CA,:  
-Motor Carrier “A” may transport a shipment from Washington, DC and then interline with Motor Carrier “B” in San Antonio, TX.
-Motor Carrier “B” will then complete the transportation of the shipment to Los Angeles, CA.
-FMCSA requires all non-exempt for-hire interstate motor carriers to obtain operating authority. However, a motor carrier that is performing part of a single continuous transportation
as an interline operation can perform that service under either its own operating authority or the authority of the originating motor carrier.

Double-Brokering / Re-brokering freight without a license, including civil penalties up to $10,000 per violation and unlimited liability for payments to “injured parties.” Payment liability
is not just borne by the legal entity, but also applies to individual officers, directors and principals.
It is illegal for motor carriers to accept freight as a carrier, and then broker the load out (unbeknownst to the shipper or broker that tendered the freight) to another carrier, unless the
first carrier discloses this fact and also has the proper broker or forwarder authority and corresponding bond. Interlining, however, is allowed, but the carrier must physically transport
the cargo itself, at some point in transit. Please view more details from  
www.FMCSA.DOT.gov   .

Operating as a broker or forwarder could have:
Unintentional assumption of liability and result in legal action for failing to make a proper disclosure as to the nature of the company’s role:
The fact that a company acts as a motor carrier and a broker under the same name, at the same address, with the same employees answering the same phones and using the
same email accounts easily exacerbates the possibility that the company’s role could be misunderstood. For instance, a company with both broker and motor carrier authority under
the same legal entity could intend to move a load as a broker, but be accused by an injured claimant of actually operating under their motor carrier authority. Motor carriers have
primary liability for bodily injury claims.

To assist with these problems, the Department of Transportation will issue distinctive registration numbers that indicate the type of activity a company operates under (e.g., motor
carrier, broker, freight forwarder). The authority given to a particular entity will govern the transaction. By placing all of these provisions into law, they can be enforced through the courts
by the private sector, without resort to action by the FMCSA.


http://www.scopelitis.com/resources/FMCSA_to_Publish_Additional_MAP21_Regulations_Taking_Effect_Immediately_on_October_1_2013/  *************************
Other Penalties for
Domestics freight forwarders / Carrier / doing the Transportation / Owner of Truck:
Increased Penalties.  Current penalties for violation reporting, recordkeeping and registration requirements are $500 except that violations of passenger carrier authority requirements
are $2,000.  The regulations increase the penalties to: (1) $1,000 for violating reporting and recordkeeping requirements;
(2) $10,000 for violation non-passenger carrier registration requirements; and
(3) $25,000 for violation passenger carrier registration requirements.  The penalty for transporting hazardous waste without authority is increased from a maximum of $20,000 to a
minimum of $20,000 and a maximum of $40,000.  Violations of regulations relating to transportation of hazardous materials will now result in fines of up to $75,000 or,
if involving death, serious illness, severe injury, or substantial destruction of property, of up to $175,000.  Penalties for failing to respond to a subpoena are increased to between
$1,000 and $10,000 (from current levels of $100 to $5,000).  General penalties for evading regulations currently require that the violation be knowing and willful.  That requirement is
being removed and penalties are increasing to $2,000-$5,000 for a first violation and $2,500-$7,000 for any subsequent violation.  The regulations will add a penalty of $25,000 for
violating an out of service order.  A carrier’s “ability to pay” will no longer be taken into account in determining the penalty for violating the FMCSR (Federal Motor Carrier Safety
Regulations).

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (“FMCSA”) is set to publish regulations in the October 1, 2013 edition of the Federal Register implementing various provisions of MAP-
21.  The FMCSA is taking the position that the regulations are mandated by Congress and that the agency is not exercising any discretion by promulgating the regulations.  In effect,
the FMCSA is merely bringing its regulations in line with what Congress already dictated when MAP-21 was first passed.  As such, the regulations will take effect immediately when
published; there will be no notice and comment rulemaking procedure.  The public will have 60 days from the date of publication to submit requests for reconsideration of the new
regulations.  Among the regulatory pronouncements are the following:

Financial Security of Brokers and Freight Forwarders.  The FMCSA is revising its regulations regarding financial security to increase the amount required to be maintained by property
brokers to $75,000, and to make the requirement applicable to freight forwarders as well.

Revised Timeframe for New Entrant Safety Audits.  The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (“FMCSR”) are being revised to clarify that new entrant safety audits must be
completed within 12 months of a property carrier beginning operations, and within 120 days of a passenger carrier beginning operations.  Previously, the regulations had allowed 18
months for all carriers.

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (“FMCSA”) is set to publish regulations in the October 1, 2013 edition of the Federal Register implementing various provisions of MAP-
21.  The FMCSA is taking the position that the regulations are mandated by Congress and that the agency is not exercising any discretion by promulgating the regulations.  In effect,
the FMCSA is merely bringing its regulations in line with what Congress already dictated when MAP-21 was first passed.  As such, the regulations will take effect immediately when
published; there will be no notice and comment rulemaking procedure.  The public will have 60 days from the date of publication to submit requests for reconsideration of the new
regulations.  Among the regulatory pronouncements are the following:

Financial Security of Brokers and Freight Forwarders.  The FMCSA is revising its regulations regarding financial security to increase the amount required to be maintained by property
brokers to $75,000, and to make the requirement applicable to freight forwarders as well.

Revised Timeframe for New Entrant Safety Audits.  The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (“FMCSR”) are being revised to clarify that new entrant safety audits must be
completed within 12 months of a property carrier beginning operations, and within 120 days of a passenger carrier beginning operations.  Previously, the regulations had allowed 18
months for all carriers.

Fleetwide Out of Service Orders.  Prior to MAP-21, if a vehicle was used to provide service without or beyond the scope of registration, that vehicle could be placed out of service.  MAP-
21 revised the law to say that the motor carrier (not just the vehicle in question) could be put out of service.  The FMCSR are being revised to reflect this change in the law.

State Reporting of Foreign Driver Offenses.  The FMCSR are being revised to require states to report certain convictions by “foreign drivers” to the Federal Convictions and Withdrawal
Database.  The regulations are also being revised to clarify that such individuals can be disqualified from operating Commercial Motor Vehicles (“CMV”).

Revocation of Foreign Motor Carrier Authority.  MAP-21 explicitly states that the FMCSA has authority to suspend, amend or revoke the authority of foreign carriers on the same grounds
as applicable to domestic carriers, and the regulations are being revised to reflect that authority.

Motor Carrier Responsibility for Disqualified Drivers.  Prior to MAP-21, a motor carrier was only prohibited from using a driver it “knew” to be disqualified or otherwise lacking authority
to operate a CMV.  MAP-21, and the new regulations, will prohibit use of a driver if the carrier “knows or should reasonably know” that the driver is not qualified.

Driver Disqualification for Imminent Hazard.  The FMCSR will revise the definition of “imminent hazard”.  If a driver’s operation of a vehicle is found to create an imminent hazard, the
driver is subject to emergency disqualification.




International/Sea/Ocean:         
NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) is ALMOST the same as a OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarder) in terms of his activities.. However there are some
differences which separate these two entities..   The
NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) can and sometimes do own and operate their own or leased containers
whereas a
OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarder) does not..   In USA, the NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) operators are required to file their tariffs with the
government regulatory bodies and create a public tariff..  
NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) is in certain areas accorded the status of a virtual “carrier” and in certain
cases accepts all liabilities of a carrier.  
OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarding) company can act as an agent/partner for a NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier)..    
Apart from the above major differences, all other activities between these two entities are similar to each other..
NVOCC is basically a “carrier to shippers” and “shipper to carriers”..

International/Sea/Ocean:    
Back to Back bill of lading (more then one company is
involved to arrange/transport your property/cargo/container) is when there is an NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common
Carrier
) operator involved or when a OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarder) wants to issue their-own bill of lading.. In such cases, the HBL (House bill of lading) issued by the
NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier)/OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarder) will be an EXACT replica of the MBL (Master bill of lading) issued by the actual
Shipping line.. The only difference will be that the shipper, consignee and notify party details will be different in the
HBL (House bill of lading) and MBL (Master bill of lading)..

International/Sea/Ocean: In the HBL (House bill of lading)
the Shipper will usually be the actual shipper/exporter of the cargo (or as dictated by the Arrival Notice / Bill-of-Lading)
the Consignee will usually be the actual receiver/importer of the cargo (or as dictated by the Arrival Notice / Bill-of-Ladiing)
the Notify could be the same as Consignee or any other party as dictated by the Arrival Notice / Bill-of-Lading)

International/Sea/Ocean:  In the MBL (Master bill of lading)
the Shipper will usually be the
NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) operator or their agent or the OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarder)..
the Consignee will usually be the destination agent or counterpart or office of the
NVOCC operator or the OFF.
the Notify could be the same as Consignee or any other party..

International/Sea/Ocean:  In the MBL (Master bill of lading)  & HBL (House bill of lading)
The rest of the details like vessel/voyage information, cargo description, number of containers, seal numbers, weight, measurements etc etc will all remain the same..
The contract of carriage is generally governed by the contract of carriage of the
MBL (Master bill of lading) which usually overrides the HBL (House bill of lading) contract as far as
insurance cover is concerned, so one has to be very careful to make sure that the vital details remain the same when issuing a HBL on a back to back MBL..


OFF (Ocean/International Freight Forwarding): Essentially secures the business of various exporters and importers and has the ability/facility to
storage the cargo belonging to the clients at their warehouse (usually some big forwarders have their own warehouses)
arrange the distribution or “forwarding” of the cargo as per the instructions of their client.. This could be a regular routing or various routings
negotiate freight rates with the NVOCC/Carrier/shipping-line to cover the interest of their clients
book the cargo with the shipping line as per the requirement of the client.  
Prepare bills of lading and associated shipping/negotiating documentation (F178, Certificate of Origin, etc)
issue their approved
HBL (House bill of lading) as applicable
almost viewed by clients as an alternative shipping line
is a company accredited with the local customs authorities, border agencies, port etc
arranges to pass the relevant documents at customs
arrange for customs inspections as required
check and process Duty and VAT payments as applicable
apply for refunds etc where applicable
can-NOT issue own
MBL (Master bill of lading)
MUST be License by
OTIs (Ocean Transportation Intermediaries) / FMC (Federal Maritime Commission) as  NVOCC  &/or  OFF.






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http://www.avalonrisk.com/questnewsletter/quest/2012-November/2-TransportationBill.htm
We also offer:

Trucking

Just as ISF was come into Law Jan 26 2010 &  NVOCC went into effect  May 1, 1999.   ALL Trucking Broker MUST be License by FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration)






Website / Who???  (Grace ????   with   Jason  or  Brian  or  Min)
Customs Broker website
Air /Sea website
Trucking website
Offer 800#


Who????
Importer: Help them if they could sell (by Email marketing)

Who????
Make a List of all the Factory/Supplier in China (and Control the supplier / offer to import, for fee??????, need more thinking)




Sourcing:
China / Factory



Software:
ACS
ABI


Accounting .


Who????
Shipping



Who???
Wharehouse






http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_happens_to_an_NVOCC_if_he_doesnt_file_a_rate_on_its_tariff
ISF 10+2 (Importer Security Filing)
www.cbp.gov/linkhandler/cgov/trade/cargo_secur
List US Ports  
http://cbp.gov/xp/cgov/toolbox/contacts/ports/
click above link, Click on the State, Than a City

Ocean Freight Forwarder: Federal Maritime Commission (FMC)
http://www2.fmc.gov/oti/OTIList_NVO_TradeNames.aspx

Air Forwarders by Air Forwarders Association
http://www.airforwarders.org/?page_id=380

Filing a Complaint about Freight Forwarder
http://www.fmc.gov/filing_a_complaint.aspx


Please Click: Color (Blue/Red/Purple) on our website for details

We reserve the right to refuse service to anyone at anytime
.